The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the Swiss Alps, represents a major natural feature of the country and is, along with the Swiss Plateau and the Swiss portion of the Jura Mountains, one of its three main physiographic regions. Tourism in the Swiss Alps began with the first ascents of the main peaks of the Alps mostly by British mountain climbers accompanied by the local guides.
Lake Geneva is a crescent-shaped lake and holiday destination between eastern France and western Switzerland. Geneva, the Swiss city at its southern tip, is a diplomatic hub with luxury shopping and a cobbled old town. The chic Swiss Riviera stretches along the north shore past Lausanne, a medieval-era port with an Olympics museum and Gothic cathedral.
The Jungfrau is one of the main summits of the Bernese Alps, located between the southern canton of Bern and the northern canton of Valais, halfway between Interlaken and Fiesch. Together with the Eiger and Mönch, the Jungfrau forms a massive wall overlooking the Bernese Oberland and the Swiss Plateau, one of the most distinctive sights of the Swiss Alps. The construction of the Jungfrau railway in the early 20th century, which connects Kleine Scheidegg to the Jungfraujoch.
The Matterhorn or Monte Cervino, also known in French as Mont Cervin is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the main watershed and border between Switzerland and Italy. The four steep faces, rising above the surrounding glaciers, face the four compass points and are split by the Hörnli, Furggen, Leone and Zmutt ridges. The mountain overlooks the Swiss town of Zermatt in the canton of Valais to the north-east.
Jungfraujoch is a col between the Jungfrau and the Mönch. It lies at a height of 3,466 meters above sea level in the Bernese Alps, on the boundary between the cantons of Bern and Valais, halfway between Interlaken and Fiesch. The Sphinx Observatory, one of the highest astronomical observatories in the world, provides an additional viewing platform at a height of 3,571 meters or 11,716 feet. It can be reached by an elevator from the Jungfraujoch.
The Bernina Express is a train connecting Chur in Switzerland to Poschiavo and Tirano in Italy by crossing the Swiss Engadin Alps. For most of its journey, the train also runs along the World Heritage Site known as the Rhaetian Railway in the Albula/Bernina Landscapes. The train is operated by the Rhaetian Railway company for the purpose of sightseeing.